Enzymology

By: Judy F. and Trel F., and by Ann C.


What it is?

Enzymology is a branch of science that deals with the biochemical nature and activity of enzymes.

Enzymes are numerous proteins produced by living organisms and function as biochemical catalysts.

Some enzymes require other compounds before catalyctic activity.

Enzymes are proteins produces by living systems to sustain the chemical reactions necessary to sustain life. There are over 3,000 known enzymes.

How does it work?

Today, there are two types of techniques used for enzymology ; sonication and french press.

Both are used to obtain cell free extract to separate membrane from soluble proteins.

Enzymes can be immobilized and entrapped without loss of activity of the enzyme.

What does it do?

Enzymology is used when creating detergents or pharmaceutical drugs. The enzymes added with the other chemicals help remove stains. In pharmaceutical drugs, the enzymes help create better medicines for patient's usage.

Enzyme technology is know as the application of enzymes as tools of industry, agriculture, and medicine.

Enzymes were first documented in the 1800's but true industrial application was in the 1960's.

A lot of biotechnological applications are derived from sperilligus and bacillus.


Links

bip.cnrs-mrs.fr/bip10/thepct.htm

www.bt.tubelft.nl/lab/research/enz/enz4.htm

www.bt.tubelft.nl/lab/dep_enz.htm

Http://biores-irl.ie/biozone/enzyme2.html

http://www.biores.irl.ie/biozone/enzyme.html

 

Return to the Beginning